Electric carriage is a road-going automobile powered by electricity. There are different types of electric car motors: "pure" electric vehicle with on-board battery, electric engine that is powered by other energy sources: car powered by sunshine or hybrid car with an electric engine but powered by gasoline or have supplementary electric motor combining with internal combustion engine. Now is developing other on-board energy storage methods like using ultra capacitors, or a spinning flywheel, which perform kinetic energy to electric energy.
Nowadays interest for electric car motor is increased because the negative impact of gasoline cars on environment is growing. You can notice the problems like global warming, pollution. Unrest in the Middle East leads to the rising of gas prices. So the electric vehicle is good alternative to all these issues. Electric cars have popularity in different countries around the world.
The hybrid electric vehicle is a common form of electric carriage, combining a gasoline engine with supplementary electric motors to run the car at idle and low speeds. Hybrid cars are now created by major manufacturers. The last models that were sold were Toyota Prius and the Chevrolet Volt, a hybrid which uses a fully electric vehicle with support of a gasoline-powered electric generator to extend its capacity.
The world's most popular battery electric vehicle in 2009 is the REVAI (model with lead-acid batteries).
REVAIi is an Indian electric car intended for use in the city. The REVA is a small 3-door hatchback. It is manufactured by the REVA Electric Car Company (RECC) in Bangalore (India). There were concerns about safety of REVA. Car can not pass important crash tests. As a result, the current REVA i and REVA L-ion models have several new safety features such as front disk brakes, a collapsible steering column. Now RECC is the world's leading electric battery car manufacturing company and it is growing rapidly.